If diamonds are a girl's best friend, then it's time you learned more about that rock on your finger. The word "diamond" comes from the ancient Greek word for "unbreakable," which is perfectly fitting for this valuable gem, as it is the hardest known natural mineral.
If you're choosing diamonds for your wedding rings or other bridal jewelry, there are four Cs that will help you determine the quality of the diamonds you're looking at.
Cut usually refers to the way the rough stone is shaped and polished. It may also refer to the shape of the diamond, but cut technically deals with the proportion, meaning the way the angles and facets are cut into the stone to reflect the light. On the other hand, shape is more about the form of the stone. However, most cut diamonds are cut and shaped in such a way as to make the best use of the original stone.
Color may not sound all that important, but in fact, it's one of the factors that add to a diamond's value. Color in a diamond is usually caused by impurities or structural defects in the stone. The purest and most commonly found diamonds are colorless, while tinted and colored diamonds tend to be very rare and very valuable.
Clarity refers to the presence or absence of internal defects (also known as inclusions) or blemishes on the surface of a diamond. Inclusions disrupt the flow of light within the diamond, making it lose some of its luster.
Carat weight talks about a diamond's mass, with one carat equaling 200 mg. The term "carat" derives from the Greek work "keration" which means "fruit of the carob." The Carob tree, which is native to the Mediterranean region, is an evergreen tree which bears pods with seeds in them. These seeds were used on precision scales to measure small quantities of precious gemstones because of their uniform size, which is roughly equivalent to 200 mg.