Acne plagues a lot of women. It's a burden we struggle with that leaves us heavily conscious of how we look. But fret no more, because below, we’ve got everything you need to know about your zits. We break down the common types of acne, what causes each, and how you can treat them. 

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Whiteheads


How does it look like? 

Small blemishes with white heads

What is it?

This happens when your pores get clogged with excess sebum and dead skin. This occurs under a surface of a closed pore.

 What causes it? 

Under exfoliation, makeup build up

What to do?

Best to exfoliate first and if it doesn’t work, look for products with Keratolytics  like benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. These ingredients will soften the oil build up so when you exfoliate, it will shed off easier.

Blackheads


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How does it look like? 

Like whiteheads, blackheads are classified as comedones. They are both clogged pores that have a black appearance.

What is it?

The darkening is caused by the oxidation of the oil inside the clogged follicle as blackheads occur in open pores.

What causes it? 

Under exfoliation, makeup build up

What to do?

Go for a deep facial treatment. Or you can look for products with Keratolytics  like benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid and salicylic acid. These ingredients will soften the oil build up so when you exfoliate, it will shed off easier.

Papules


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How does it look like? 

They are inflamed and red acne with the absence of pus ranging from small to medium in size.

What is it?

These are whiteheads in an advanced phase. They are acne that has formed with the accumulation of bacteria, sebum and dead skin cells under the skin.

What causes it? 

Under exfoliation, makeup build up, stress, hormonal changes

What to do?

A good skin care regimen plus products with soothing agents like white tea, green tea and kaolin clay. Cortisone creams and cold compress help too!

Pustules


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How does it look like? 

They look like bigger whiteheads and would feel painful to touch.

What is it?

They are similar to papules, only they have pus inside. 

What causes it? 

Under exfoliation, makeup build up, stress, hormonal changes

What to do?

If it pops on its own, dry it out with products that contain antiseptics, antibacterial ingredients like zinc oxide, and a drying agent like camphor.

Nodule, Cysts, Acne Conglobata


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How does it look like? 

Red, painful, inflamed blemishes that develop deep within the skin.

What is it?

These are more severe cases of comedones and may suggest a worse acme condition. They may leave scarring if left untreated.

What causes it? 

Genetics, hormonal changes

What to do?

Reduce the swelling with a cold compress. Do not pick at it, instead, schedule an appointment with your dermatologist as soon as possible. 

Above all, it’s important to take note that you should never ever pick at your pimples. While it isn’t advisable to pile on makeup on your zits, you can conceal them by just dabbing a little concealer on the affected area and then wiping it off as soon as you can. If the above-mentioned over-the-counter remedies don’t work, then it’s time for you to pay your trusted dermatologist a visit.

This story originally appeared on Preview.ph.
* Minor edits have been made by the Femalenetwork.com editors.

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