Your child can get head lice, and it has nothing to do with hygiene or cleanliness. Lice thrive in crowded environments. Exposure may occur in day-care and child-care. This infestation is caused by a small parasite that lives on the body, most often where there is hair. Symptoms include itching and scratching, redness of scalp, eggs or nits in the hair and hives.
Check for head lice
by examining the scalp on the back of the head at the hairline or around the ears. Use a magnifying glass. Tiny, gray, oval-shaped specks called nits may be visible that are firmly attached to the hair. If there are no nits, another popular sign is intense itching.
If your child gets lice,
wash all sheets, towels and clothing in hot water with disinfectant. Dry clean items that cannot be washed. Soak combs and brushes in very hot water for at least 10 mins. Do not share towels, combs, brushes or other hair-care items.
Call your doctor
if you believe your baby has lice. Do not use over-the-counter medication on baby without your doctor's advice. If your doctor advises you to use over-the-counter medicine to deal with the problem, be careful to keep the shampoo out of your baby's eyes. After shampooing, comb the hair thoroughly while it is wet with a special comb to remove the nits. Sometimes a repeat is necessary, and this should again be done with your pediatrician's advice. If the over-the-counter medication does not work, you may need to get a prescription shampoo. Preferably, get one that does not contain lindane as an overuse causes harmful side effects in children.